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What is Overall Teacher Judgment


                                                      What is Overall Teacher Judgment
School leaders and teachers use Overall Teacher Judgments to inform future teaching and learning, to report to students, parents, families and whanau about students progress in relation to the National Standards, and to inform decision making about the effective use of resources. Moderation is the process of teachers sharing their expectations and understandings of standards with each other in order to improve the consistency of their decisions about student learning.

No single source of information can accurately summarise a student’s achievement or progress. A range of approaches is necessary in order to compile a comprehensive picture of the areas of progress, areas requiring attention, and what a student’s unique progress looks like. Using a range of approaches also allows the student to participate throughout the assessment process, building their assessment capability. Because of this, to assess a student in relation to National Standards, teachers need to bring together a range of evidence in order to form an overall teacher judgment.

Overall teacher judgments of achievement and progress involve combining information from a variety of sources, using a range of approaches. Evidence may be gathered in the following three ways:

  • Observing the process a student uses to complete a learning task.
  • Conversing with the student to find out what they know, understand and can do.
  • Gathering results from formal assessments, including standardised tools.

This gathering of information from a range of sources increases the dependability of the OTJ. 

Any point of the triangle provides an approach to gathering evidence of learning. The use of a range of evidence accumulated over the year buildsdependability in progress and achievement decisions. An OTJ can be made when the teacher reviews all of the evidence in relation to a National Standard, rather than relying on a single source of evidence.

When using an assessment tool

When using assessment tools teachers should:

  • understand the purpose of the assessment
  • know the curriculum content well enough to clearly understand what is being assessed and that it is being assessed appropriately
  • consider the difficulty of the assessment so that it fairly matches the level of the student
  • know how to select an assessment tool, administer it and interpret the outcomes
  • support students to understand what is being assessed and why
  • know how to respond to assessment outcomes in a way that benefits student learning. 2012